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At the time of contact with Europeans, all Mocama villages in present-day Jacksonville were part of the powerful chiefdom known as the Saturiwacentered around the mouth of the St.
Johns River incalling it the River of May because that was the month of his discovery. Johns near the main village of the Saturiwa. On September 20,a Spanish force from the nearby Spanish settlement of St.
Augustine attacked Fort Carolineand killed nearly all the French soldiers defending it. The location of Fort Caroline is subject to debate but a reconstruction of the fort was established on the St.
Johns River in The road crossed the St. Johns River at a narrow point, which the Seminole called Wacca Pilatka and the British called the Cow Ford; these names ostensibly reflect the fact that cattle were brought across the river there.
As a result, the northeastern Florida area prospered economically more than it had under the Spanish. Founding and 19th century[ edit ] Section of a light battery by the St. Johns River during the Civil War. After Spain ceded the Florida Territory to the United States inAmerican settlers on the north side of the Cow Ford decided to plan a town, laying out the streets and plats.
They named the town Jacksonville, after President Andrew Jackson. Led by Isaiah D. Hartresidents wrote a charter for a town government, which was approved by the Florida Legislative Council on February 9, During the American Civil WarJacksonville was a key supply point for hogs and cattle being shipped from Florida to feed the Confederate forces.
The city was blockaded by Union forces, who gained control of nearby Fort Clinch. Though no battles were fought in Jacksonville proper, the city changed hands several times between Union and Confederate forces.
In the Skirmish of the Brick Church inConfederates won their first victory in the state. Johns Bluffand occupied Jacksonville in Slaves escaped to freedom in Union lines.
Union forces retreated to Jacksonville and held the city for the remainder of the war.
Warfare and the long occupation left the city disrupted after the war. Augustine became popular winter resorts for the rich and famous.
Visitors arrived by steamboat and later by railroad. In addition, extension of the Florida East Coast Railway further south drew visitors to other areas. Spanish moss at a nearby mattress factory was quickly engulfed in flames and enabled the fire to spread rapidly.
In merely eight hours, it swept through city blocks, destroyed over 2, buildings, left about 10, homeless and killed seven residents. The Confederate Monument in Hemming Park was one of the few landmarks to survive the fire.
Governor William Sherman Jennings declared martial law and sent the state militia to maintain order; on May 17, municipal authority resumed. Known as the " Great Fire of ", it was one of the worst disasters in Florida history and the largest urban fire in the southeastern United States.
Architect Henry John Klutho was a primary figure in the reconstruction of the city. The first multi-story structure built by Klutho was the Dyal-Upchurch Building in James Buildingbuilt on the previous site of the St.
Over the course of the decade, more than 30 silent film studios were established, earning Jacksonville the title of "Winter Film Capital of the World". Navy became a major employer and economic force during the s and the Second World War, constructing two Navy bases in the city and the U.
Marine Corps establishing Blount Island Command. The construction of federal highways was a kind of subsidy that enabled development of suburban housing, and wealthier, better established residents moved to newer housing in the suburbs.
After World War II, the government of the city of Jacksonville began to increase spending to fund new public building projects in the postwar economic boom. Development of suburbs led to a growing middle class outside of the urban core.
It had difficulty funding education, sanitation, and traffic control within the city limits. In addition, residents in unincorporated suburbs had difficulty obtaining municipal services, such as sewage and building code enforcement. Ina study recommended that the city of Jacksonville begin annexing outlying communities in order to create the needed larger geographic tax base to improve services throughout the county.Find financial planning consultants in Ponte Vedra Beach, FL on Yellowbook.
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