But whether you are reading this in February or July, the topic of love can be equally charged and confusing.
Jun 1st, By David Anders Category: He began with Christ and the apostles, dashed through the book of Acts, skipped over the Catholic Middle Ages and leaped directly to Wittenberg, From Luther he hopped to the English revivalist John Wesley, crossed the Atlantic to the American revivals and slid home to his own Church, Birmingham, Alabama, early s.
Cheers and singing followed him to the plate.
The congregation loved it. I grew up in an Evangelical Church in the s immersed in the myth of the Reformation. I was sure that my Church preached the gospel, which we received, unsullied, from the Reformers.
After college, I earned a doctorate in Church history so I could flesh out the story and prove to all the poor Catholics that they were in the wrong Church.
I never imagined my own founder, the Protestant Reformer John Calvin, would point me to the Catholic faith. My Church practiced a pared-down, Bible-focused, born-again spirituality shared by most Evangelicals.
I went to a Christian college and then a seminary where I found the same attitude. Baptists, Presbyterians, Episcopalians and Charismatics worshiped and studied side-by-side, all committed to the Bible but at odds on how to interpret it. Disagreements over sacraments, Church structures, and authority were less important to us than a personal relationship with Christ and fighting the Catholic Church.
This is how we understood our common debt to the Reformation. When I finished seminary, I moved on to Ph. I chose Calvin not just because of my Presbyterian background, but because most American Protestants have some relationship to him.
My college and seminary professors portrayed Calvin as a master theologian, our theologian. I thought that if I could master Calvin, I would really know the faith. I found him proud, judgmental and unyielding. But more importantly, I discovered that Calvin upset my Evangelical view of history.
I had always assumed a perfect continuity between the Early Church, the Reformation and my Church. The more I studied Calvin, however, the more foreign he seemed, the less like Protestants today.
This, in turn, caused me to question the whole Evangelical storyline: Early Church — Reformation — Evangelical Christianity, with one seamless thread running straight from one to the other.
The seamless thread breaks. And if it could break once, between the Reformation and today, why not sooner, between the Early Church and the Reformation? Was I really sure the thread had held even that far? Calvin shocked me by rejecting key elements of my Evangelical tradition.
Born-again spirituality, private interpretation of Scripture, a broad-minded approach to denominations — Calvin opposed them all. I discovered that his concerns were vastly different, more institutional, even more Catholic. Although he rejected the authority of Rome, there were things about the Catholic faith he never thought about leaving.
He took for granted that the Church should have an interpretive authority, a sacramental liturgy and a single, unified faith. These discoveries faced me with important questions.
Was he right in thinking them so important? And if so, was he justified in leaving the Catholic Church? What did these discoveries teach me about Protestantism?
How could my Church claim Calvin as a founder, and yet stray so far from his views? Was the whole Protestant way of doing theology doomed to confusion and inconsistency? Understanding the Calvinist Reformation Calvin was a second-generation Reformer, twenty-six years younger than Martin Luther In the Scarlet Letter Roger Chillingworth's major flaw is revenge.
He first vows to seek revenge on the father of Pearl during chapter 4 saying, "Thou wilt not reveal his name? Not the less he is mine/5(3).
Chillingworth seems to understand that there is a higher power at work, perhaps even with a plan in store for the torturer and his victim..
The only person to fully realize that Chillingworth's diabolical torture of Dimmesdale ultimately prepares him for forgiveness at the hands of God, thus making Chillingworth a hero, is Dimmesdale himself. This essay will explain the evil role played by Roger Chillingworth in the story.
Just by calling his name, a sense of evil can be felt, and a dangerous old man with a . I once heard a Protestant pastor preach a “Church History” sermon. He began with Christ and the apostles, dashed through the book of Acts, skipped over the Catholic Middle Ages and leaped directly to Wittenberg, Roger Chillingworth Character Analysis BY MikeDMoon In Nathaniel Hawthorne’s novel The Scarlet Letter, the character of Roger Chillingworth was transformed from a well educated scholar into a fallen, unrighteous man.
Roger Chillingsworth was a leech of evil, and the Reverend Dimmesdale was his host. Roger Chillingsworth continuously tried to get a confession from Reverend Dimmesdale: "No-not to [you]-an earthly physician.".