How to Write an Evidence-based Paper in Nursing Search for literature in various publication types, including: Search academic nursing journals simultaneously through various online databases, such as PubMed, Medline, and Scholars Portal.
Tweet This So What? Why is this Information Important for You to Know? Why is knowing about the research or projects already completed and the details important for your research or capstone project?
This is where you show your committee that you understand what the state of the science is around your topic. These discussions may be informal, as with a quick question of a committee member in the hallway or through email.
You will also need to show your mastery of your topic during formal discussions, such as in a 1: You can become an expert on this topic because you will know what is known and unknown! You have read and appraised the literature!
You can use your expertise to get on policy committees in your institution and to improve clinical practice. Guidelines for Writing a Literature Review: The 4Ps First let me make a point to say that a literature review or state-of-the-science review is NOT the same as a systematic review!
While there is an orderly method to doing a lit review, it is not as exhaustive and deliberate as a systematic review Thompson, A literature review is a broad report, which may discuss key points of a phenomenon but is not necessarily exhaustive in scope.
A systematic review is a thorough, comprehensive, and systematic examination of a broad or narrow look at a phenomenon or topic.
If conducted in a rigorous and transparent manner, a systematic review one of the highest levels of evidence we look for to support evidence-based practice.
In a chapter I wrote on for a book on evidence-based practice, I talked about using a mnemonic of 4Ps for designing studies: Prepare, Proceed, Publicize, Practice Thompson, Prepare, Proceed, Produce, Proofread.
Prepare The preparatory phase is important for any project. Decide on your phenomenon of interest and determine your research objectives or questions. Decide which databases you will search.
Develop a form to abstract the data from the studies you read in an organized fashion. You can do this as a spreadsheet using the questions I outlined above or use an evidence table or literature synthesis matrix form you find online or from a faculty member. These forms typically have columns and rows in which you quickly summarize data from each study or theoretical paper you read on your phenomenon.
A literature matrix or evidence table will help organize the studies you read and remind you of what they were about. This is an extremely helpful device that you should make a habit of creating — especially if you are a graduate student or plan on becoming a researcher.
Garrard has a good audit trail system outlined in her book to keep track of your work. Proceed Conduct your literature search. Review the titles of the search results for relevance to your phenomenon; further refine your result list by reviewing the abstracts of the studies, if available.
Keep the articles that are relevant to your topic. Acquire the full-text articles.
Come up with a labeling system that will help you find the saved articles again. So for example, ThompsonDesignStudies Read and abstract the information from each article to your data abstraction sheet or evidence table. You might organize your evidence table by publishing date, themes you identify as you read, types of studies, or results e.
You should always assess the quality of the research studies you are including in a review. Make notes about the methodological rigor of research studies i.
Review the reference list of each article for other articles that might help you this is called hand searching the reference list ; acquire those articles and repeat. Review the reference list of each article for other articles that might help you learn more about your topic this is called hand searching the reference list ; acquire those articles and repeat the process.Writing Literature Reviews in Nursing Most nursing papers follow a standard format that includes some or all of the following sections: an introduction, statement of the research question, background and significance of the topic, methods (of finding articles for review), a literature review containing article summaries and critiques, discussion, a study .
A literature review is an essay that surveys, summarizes, links together, and assesses research in a given field. At some point in your graduate nursing program, you will most likely have to write a literature review about an assigned topic or a self-selected topic (e.g., your thesis, dissertation, or capstone project topic).
A guide to writing the dissertation literature review. Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation, 14(13), The Value and Purpose of the Traditional Qualitative Literature Review. Undertaking a Literature Review: A Step-by-Step Approach Undertaking a Literature Review: A Step-by-Step Approach Article written by P.
Cronin, F. Ryan, M. Coughlan & published in British Journal of Nursing, , vol. 17, No. 1. Nursing Literature Review Sample Papers. as set forth by policy of both the Graduate Faculty and the administration.
You will research and write a literature review on a topic relevant to our course. The purpose of this paper is to review the literature surrounding the safety of red blood cell (RBC) transfusions, which comes under.